# My Calendar III

Sweep Line, TreeMap, Interval

Hard

Implement a MyCalendarThree class to store your events. A new event can always be added.

Your class will have one method, book(int start, int end). Formally, this represents a booking on the half open interval[start, end), the range of real numbers x such that start <= x < end.

AK-bookinghappens when K events have some non-empty intersection (ie., there is some time that is common to all K events.)

For each call to the methodMyCalendar.book, return an integer K representing the largest integer such that there exists aK-booking in the calendar.

Your class will be called like this:

MyCalendarThree cal = new MyCalendarThree();

MyCalendarThree.book(start, end)

Example 1:

MyCalendarThree();
MyCalendarThree.book(10, 20); // returns 1
MyCalendarThree.book(50, 60); // returns 1
MyCalendarThree.book(10, 40); // returns 2
MyCalendarThree.book(5, 15); // returns 3
MyCalendarThree.book(5, 10); // returns 3
MyCalendarThree.book(25, 55); // returns 3

Explanation:

The first two events can be booked and are disjoint, so the maximum K-booking is a 1-booking.
The third event [10, 40) intersects the first event, and the maximum K-booking is a 2-booking.
The remaining events cause the maximum K-booking to be only a 3-booking.
Note that the last event locally causes a 2-booking, but the answer is still 3 because
eg. [10, 20), [10, 40), and [5, 15) are still triple booked.

Note:

• The number of calls to MyCalendarThree.book per test case will be at most 400.
• In calls to MyCalendarThree.book(start, end), start and end are integers in the range [0, 10^9].

## Solution & Analysis

A K-booking happens when K events have some non-empty intersection (ie., there is some time that is common to all K events.)

#### Approach: Boundary Count - TreeMap - Sweep Line

Time: each booking() operation - O(n + logn), total for n booking(): O(n^2 + nlogn) ~ O(n^2)

Space: O(n)

class MyCalendarThree {
TreeMap<Integer, Integer> calendar;

public MyCalendarThree() {
calendar = new TreeMap<>();
}

public int book(int start, int end) {
calendar.put(start, calendar.getOrDefault(start, 0) + 1);
calendar.put(end, calendar.getOrDefault(end, 0) - 1);

int ongoing = 0;
int maxBooking = 0;
for (int v: calendar.values()) {
ongoing += v;
https://leetcode.com/problems/my-calendar-iii/ = Math.max(maxBooking, ongoing);
}
return maxBooking;
}
}

/**
* Your MyCalendarThree object will be instantiated and called as such:
* MyCalendarThree obj = new MyCalendarThree();
* int param_1 = obj.book(start,end);
*/

## Reference

https://leetcode.com/problems/my-calendar-iii/discuss/109556/JavaC%2B%2B-Clean-Code