Design Linked List

Design your implementation of the linked list. You can choose to use the singly linked list or the doubly linked list. A node in a singly linked list should have two attributes:val andnext.valis the value of the current node, andnext is a pointer/reference to the next node. If you want to use the doubly linked list, you will need one more attributeprevto indicate the previous node in the linked list. Assume all nodes in the linked list are 0-indexed.

Implement these functions in your linked list class:

  • get(index) : Get the value of theindex-th node in the linked list. If the index is invalid, return-1.
  • addAtHead(val) : Add a node of value val before the first element of the linked list. After the insertion, the new node will be the first node of the linked list.
  • addAtTail(val) : Append a node of value val to the last element of the linked list.
  • addAtIndex(index, val) : Add a node of valueval before theindex-th node in the linked list. Ifindex equals to the length of linked list, the node will be appended to the end of linked list. If index is greater than the length, the node will not be inserted.
  • deleteAtIndex(index) : Delete the index-th node in the linked list, if the index is valid.

Example:

MyLinkedList linkedList = new MyLinkedList();
linkedList.addAtHead(1);
linkedList.addAtTail(3);
linkedList.addAtIndex(1, 2);  // linked list becomes 1->2->3
linkedList.get(1);            // returns 2
linkedList.deleteAtIndex(1);  // now the linked list is 1->3
linkedList.get(1);            // returns 3

Note:

  • All values will be in the range of[1, 1000].
  • The number of operations will be in the range of [1, 1000].
  • Please do not use the built-in LinkedList library.

Analysis

Easy题,但是一次做对还挺难的...

许多细节要注意,比如设定head, tail, size辅助变量;在添加删除操作时要准确更新head、tail、size

Solution

Java (118ms)

class MyLinkedList {
    class Node {
        int val;
        Node next;
        public Node(int val) {
            this.val = val;
        }
    }

    private Node head;
    private Node tail;
    private int size;

    /** Initialize your data structure here. */
    public MyLinkedList() {
        head = null;
        tail = null;
        size = 0;
    }

    /** Get the value of the index-th node in the linked list. If the index is invalid, return -1. */
    public int get(int index) {
        if (index >= size) {
            return -1;
        }
        Node p = head;
        for (int i = 0; i < index; i++) {
            p = p.next;
        }
        return p.val;
    }

    /** Add a node of value val before the first element of the linked list. After the insertion, the new node will be the first node of the linked list. */
    public void addAtHead(int val) {
        Node n = new Node(val);
        n.next = head;
        head = n;
        size++;

        if (head.next == null) {
            tail = head;
        }
    }

    /** Append a node of value val to the last element of the linked list. */
    public void addAtTail(int val) {
        Node n = new Node(val);
        if (tail != null) {
            tail.next = n;
        }
        if (tail == null || size == 0) {
            head = n;
        } 
        tail = n;
        size++;
    }

    /** Add a node of value val before the index-th node in the linked list. If index equals to the length of linked list, the node will be appended to the end of linked list. If index is greater than the length, the node will not be inserted. */
    public void addAtIndex(int index, int val) {
        if (index < 0 || index > size) {
            return;
        }
        if (index == 0) {
            addAtHead(val);

        } else if (index == size) {
            addAtTail(val);

        } else {
            Node p = head;
            for (int i = 0; i < index - 1; i++) {
                p = p.next;
            }
            /*
            Node n = new Node(val);
            n.next = p.next;
            p.next = n;
            */
            Node n = new Node(val);
            Node save = p;
            p = p.next;
            save.next = n;
            n.next = p;
            size++;
        }
    }

    /** Delete the index-th node in the linked list, if the index is valid. */
    public void deleteAtIndex(int index) {
        if (size == 0 || index < 0 || index >= size) {
            return;
        }
        if (index == 0) {
            head = head.next;
            size--;
            if (size == 0) {
                tail = null;
            }
        } else {
            Node p = head;
            for (int i = 0; i < index - 1; i++) {
                p = p.next;
            }
            p.next = p.next.next;
            size--;
            if (p.next == null) {
                tail = p;
            }
        }
    }
}

/**
 * Your MyLinkedList object will be instantiated and called as such:
 * MyLinkedList obj = new MyLinkedList();
 * int param_1 = obj.get(index);
 * obj.addAtHead(val);
 * obj.addAtTail(val);
 * obj.addAtIndex(index,val);
 * obj.deleteAtIndex(index);
 */

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