Odd Even Linked List

Given a singly linked list, group all odd nodes together followed by the even nodes. Please note here we are talking about the node number and not the value in the nodes.

You should try to do it in place. The program should run in O(1) space complexity and O(nodes) time complexity.

Example 1:

Input: 1->2->3->4->5->NULL
Output: 1->3->5->2->4->NULL

Example 2:

Input: 2->1->3->5->6->4->7->NULL
Output: 2->3->6->7->1->5->4->NULL

Note:

The relative order inside both the even and odd groups should remain as it was in the input.

The first node is considered odd, the second node even and so on ...

Analysis

Input: 1->2->3->4->5->NULL

head -> 1

Init odd = head, even = head.next, i.e. odd -> 1, even -> 2

Loop odd = odd.next, even = odd.next

Check even != null && even.next != null

Solution

/**
 * Definition for singly-linked list.
 * public class ListNode {
 *     int val;
 *     ListNode next;
 *     ListNode(int x) { val = x; }
 * }
 */
class Solution {
    public ListNode oddEvenList(ListNode head) {
        ListNode pOdd = new ListNode(0);
        ListNode pEven = new ListNode(0);
        ListNode p = head;
        ListNode p1 = pOdd;
        ListNode p2 = pEven;
        if (head == null || head.next == null) {
            return head;
        }
        while (p != null) {
            pOdd.next = p;
            pOdd = pOdd.next;
            if (p.next != null) {
                pEven.next = p.next;
                pEven = pEven.next;
                p = p.next.next;
            } else {
                pEven.next = null;
                break;
            }
        }
        pOdd.next = p2.next;
        return p1.next;
    }
}

Simplified Version

public class Solution {
    public ListNode oddEvenList(ListNode head) {
        if (head != null) {

            ListNode odd = head, even = head.next, evenHead = even;

            while (even != null && even.next != null) {
                odd.next = odd.next.next;
                even.next = even.next.next;
                odd = odd.next;
                even = even.next;
            }
            odd.next = evenHead;
        }
        return head;
    }
}

Both have O(1) space complexity and O(nodes) time complexity

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