Evaluate Reverse Polish Notation

Evaluate the value of an arithmetic expression inReverse Polish Notation.

Valid operators are+,-,*,/. Each operand may be an integer or another expression.

Note:

  • Division between two integers should truncate toward zero.
  • The given RPN expression is always valid. That means the expression would always evaluate to a result and there won't be any divide by zero operation.

Example 1:

Input:
 ["2", "1", "+", "3", "*"]

Output:
 9

Explanation:
 ((2 + 1) * 3) = 9

Example 2:

Input:
 ["4", "13", "5", "/", "+"]

Output:
 6

Explanation:
 (4 + (13 / 5)) = 6

Example 3:

Input:
 ["10", "6", "9", "3", "+", "-11", "*", "/", "*", "17", "+", "5", "+"]

Output:
 22

Explanation:

  ((10 * (6 / ((9 + 3) * -11))) + 17) + 5
= ((10 * (6 / (12 * -11))) + 17) + 5
= ((10 * (6 / -132)) + 17) + 5
= ((10 * 0) + 17) + 5
= (0 + 17) + 5
= 17 + 5
= 22

Analysis

此题的逻辑很简单,逆波兰表达式的计算器。使用一个辅助栈stack即可。

Solution

Stack Implementation - (12ms)

class Solution {
    public int evalRPN(String[] tokens) {
        Deque<String> stack = new ArrayDeque<>();

        for (String token : tokens) {
            if (!isOperator(token)) {
                stack.push(token);
            } else {
                int num1 = Integer.parseInt(stack.pop());
                int num2 = Integer.parseInt(stack.pop());
                int res = 0;
                switch(token) {
                    case "+":
                        res = num2 + num1;
                        break;
                    case "-":
                        res = num2 - num1;
                        break;
                    case "*":
                        res = num2 * num1;
                        break;
                    case "/":
                        res = num2 / num1;
                        break;
                }
                stack.push(String.valueOf(res));
            }
        }
        return Integer.parseInt(stack.peek());
    }

    private boolean isOperator(String token) {
        return token.equals("+") || token.equals("-") || token.equals("*") || token.equals("/");
    }
}

Improved without too much conversion of String / Integer - (11ms, 86.58%)

class Solution {
    public int evalRPN(String[] tokens) {
        Deque<Integer> stack = new ArrayDeque<>();

        for (String token : tokens) {
            if (!isOperator(token)) {
                stack.push(Integer.valueOf(token));
            } else {
                int num1 = stack.pop(); 
                int num2 = stack.pop(); 
                int res = 0;
                switch(token) {
                    case "+":
                        res = num2 + num1;
                        break;
                    case "-":
                        res = num2 - num1;
                        break;
                    case "*":
                        res = num2 * num1;
                        break;
                    case "/":
                        res = num2 / num1;
                        break;
                }
                stack.push(res);
            }
        }
        return stack.peek();
    }

    private boolean isOperator(String token) {
        return token.equals("+") || token.equals("-") || token.equals("*") || token.equals("/");
    }
}

Another implementation: https://www.jiuzhang.com/solution/evaluate-reverse-polish-notation/

public class Solution {
    public int evalRPN(String[] tokens) {
        Stack<Integer> s = new Stack<Integer>();
        String operators = "+-*/";
        for(String token : tokens){
            if(!operators.contains(token)){
                s.push(Integer.valueOf(token));
                continue;
            }

            int a = s.pop();
            int b = s.pop();
            if(token.equals("+")) {
                s.push(b + a);
            } else if(token.equals("-")) {
                s.push(b - a);
            } else if(token.equals("*")) {
                s.push(b * a);
            } else {
                s.push(b / a);
            }
        }
        return s.pop();
    }
}

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