Palindrome Pairs

Trie, HashMap, String

Hard

Given a list of unique words, find all pairs of distinct indices(i, j)in the given list, so that the concatenation of the two words, i.e.words[i] + words[j]is a palindrome.

Example 1:

Input: ["abcd","dcba","lls","s","sssll"]
Output: [[0,1],[1,0],[3,2],[2,4]] 

Explanation: 
The palindromes are ["dcbaabcd","abcddcba","slls","llssssll"]

Example 2:

Input: ["bat","tab","cat"]
Output: [[0,1],[1,0]] 

Explanation: 
The palindromes are ["battab","tabbat"]

Solution & Analysis

Brute-force (Almost TLE, 3101 ms, 2.99%)

class Solution {
    public List<List<Integer>> palindromePairs(String[] words) {
        List<List<Integer>> ans = new ArrayList<>();
        int n = words.length;

        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {
                if (j == i) {
                    continue;
                }
                String candidate = words[i] + words[j];
                if (isPalindrome(candidate)) {
                    List<Integer> tmp = new ArrayList<>();
                    tmp.add(i);
                    tmp.add(j);
                    ans.add(tmp);
                }
            }
        }
        return ans;
    }

    boolean isPalindrome(String s) {
        if (s.length() < 2) {
            return true;
        }
        int i = 0; 
        int j = s.length() - 1;
        while (i < j) {
            if (s.charAt(i) != s.charAt(j)) {
                return false;
            }
            i++;
            j--;
        }
        return true;
    }
}

Trie

class Solution {
    private static class TrieNode {
        TrieNode[] next;
        int index;
        List<Integer> list;

        TrieNode() {
            next = new TrieNode[26];
            index = -1;
            list = new ArrayList<>();
        }
    }

    public List<List<Integer>> palindromePairs(String[] words) {
        List<List<Integer>> res = new ArrayList<>();

        TrieNode root = new TrieNode();

        for (int i = 0; i < words.length; i++) {
            addWord(root, words[i], i);
        }

        for (int i = 0; i < words.length; i++) {
            search(words, i, root, res);
        }

        return res;
    }

    private void addWord(TrieNode root, String word, int index) {
        for (int i = word.length() - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
            int j = word.charAt(i) - 'a';

            if (root.next[j] == null) {
                root.next[j] = new TrieNode();
            }

            if (isPalindrome(word, 0, i)) {
                root.list.add(index);
            }

            root = root.next[j];
        }

        root.list.add(index);
        root.index = index;
    }

    private void search(String[] words, int i, TrieNode root, List<List<Integer>> res) {
        for (int j = 0; j < words[i].length(); j++) {    
            if (root.index >= 0 && root.index != i && isPalindrome(words[i], j, words[i].length() - 1)) {
                res.add(Arrays.asList(i, root.index));
            }

            root = root.next[words[i].charAt(j) - 'a'];
            if (root == null) return;
        }

        for (int j : root.list) {
            if (i == j) continue;
            res.add(Arrays.asList(i, j));
        }
    }

    private boolean isPalindrome(String word, int i, int j) {
        while (i < j) {
            if (word.charAt(i++) != word.charAt(j--)) return false;
        }

        return true;
    }
}

Reference

https://leetcode.com/problems/palindrome-pairs/discuss/79195/O\(n-\*-k2\)-java-solution-with-Trie-structure

results matching ""

    No results matching ""